Phoenix dactylifera, commonly isomers moisture mask as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. There is archaeological evidence of date cultivation in Arabia from the 6th millennium BCE.
The total annual world production of dates amounts to 8. The fruit is known as a date. Fossil records show that the date palm has existed for at least 50 million years. Dried date, peach, and apricot from Lahun, Fayum, Egypt. There is archeological evidence of date cultivation in Mehrgarh around 7000 BCE, a Neolithic civilization in what is now western Pakistan.